As Netflix’s drama “Squid Game” has become a global hit, dalgona, one of the drama’s materials, and diabetes are also attracting attention.
When it comes to diabetes, obesity and sweet food come to mind first. In fact, diabetes in adults is caused by lack of exercise or eating habits.
However, unlike adults, **Type 1 diabetes, which requires a lot of children and adolescents, is often caused by abnormal immune systems rather than lifestyle, so careful attention and management are required. Today’s Strong My Child is going to look into diabetes.
Is it different from type 1 diabetes and adult diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that occurs when **insulin secretion is low or blood sugar is not controlled due to abnormal insulin receptors.
Type 1 diabetes is distinguished from adult diabetes.
Many people may think that children have diabetes because they eat a lot of sweet food. Usually, 90% of diabetes in children’s age is insulin-dependent diabetes. Abnormal low insulin or little secretion occurs due to abnormal immune system abnormalities.
Therefore, if you have diabetes, you have to keep getting insulin injections, so it is called “insulin-dependent diabetes.” If insulin is not administered on time, hyperglycemia may persist, leading to ketogenic acidosis, leading to coma or life-threatening.
On the other hand, adult diabetes is caused by overeating, obesity due to lack of exercise, and pancreatic cell virus infection. Recently, adult diabetes caused by obesity has also appeared in children and adolescence.
Diabetes, major symptoms?
Diabetes has three prominent symptoms **Dano, Next, and Multiple Symptoms**.
First, as the sugar escapes into the urine, the urine concentration becomes stronger.
At this time, osmotic pressure absorbs moisture from the body, increasing the amount of urine. As a result, urination at night occurs, and as you lose moisture quickly, you drink a lot of water. You also eat a lot of food to fill up the sugar that has escaped from urine.
However, even if you eat food, your blood sugar increases because calories are energized and are not stored in your body, leading to a vicious cycle of sugar falling back into urine.
**You can lose 10 to 30% of weight, or feel tired quickly because you don’t look good.
Abdominal pain and vomiting continue and suddenly worsen, leading to consciousness disorders and coma. In addition, there are various symptoms such as personality change, general weakness, weakened vision, headache, anxiety, dizziness, hunger, numbness in the hands and feet. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a rapid onset of these symptoms within one to two months.
Diabetes, early detection and quick treatment are important.
Type 1 diabetes is **the purpose of treatment to maintain proper nutritional status and normal blood sugar range so that normal growth and development can be achieved**.
The purpose is to prevent various complications that can occur due to diabetes in the long run. In particular, ketonic acidosis can be life-threatening, so it is important to detect it early and treat it quickly.
**insulin injections are essential for diabetes treatment.
It is recommended to inject insulin three to four times a day or use an insulin pump. This is followed by meal therapy.
Except for sugary foods, it is recommended to eat evenly. In particular, insulin-dependent diabetes is not related to obesity, so it is important to eat nutritious food for normal growth.
How do you prevent diabetes?
Unfortunately, insulin-dependent diabetes, which accounts for the majority of type 1 diabetes, has no preventive measures. However, if you have diabetes in your family, the incidence of diabetes is 10 times higher than that of a normal family. Therefore, if you have diabetes in your family, you’d better take a pre-test.